Geoscience, or earth science, encompasses various scientific studies related to the Earth's systems. It includes fields like geology, meteorology, oceanography, and astronomy. Environmental pollution is a significant concern in geoscience, affecting human health, soil, water, and more. Mitigating pollution through the "three R's" (Reuse, Reduce, Recycle) is essential. Geothermal energy extraction and surface water and groundwater resources are important topics in geoscience. Volcanic gases, tsunamis, ocean deoxygenation, and earthquakes are other phenomena studied in geoscience. Environmental sustainability and the preservation of ecosystems are crucial for future generations. The book provides insights into geological activities and their implications for preventing environmental damage and human suffering. This book explores current systems, such as hydrology, soil, air, and water resources, and their impact on human activities. It equips readers with scientific skills to address environmental questions and emphasizes critical analysis of data. The book discusses the effects of human activities and environmental change on water and soil resources, provides insights into geographical cycles, and examines land-use opportunities and limitations. It promotes environmental awareness, protection, and sustainable development. The volume contributes to understanding the impact of environmental change on geosciences and offers insights for environmental management in disaster-prone regions.