Escalating global warming, driven by CO2 emissions from industry and fossil fuels, poses a critical challenge. Fulfilling the Paris Agreement and UN's Sustainable Development Goals necessitates reducing CO2 and other greenhouse gases like methane. Despite technological advancements, achieving sustainable carbon capture remains intricate. Recent progress in carbon capture technology motivates this book, offering ecological and financial potential. It bridges innovative materials and advanced technologies, disseminating breakthroughs including hydrogen and biofuel applications. Anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions yield profound consequences, reshaping landscapes and prompting global actions like the Kyoto Treaty. The book underscores quantifying and reducing energy and greenhouse gas emissions, reinforced by progressive strides. Amid urgency, fragmented guidance on personal carbon footprints leads to disarray. The book aims to provide clarity, particularly aiding students addressing the menace of CO2 emissions imperiling essential natural resources. It offers a valuable resource for studying climate change and pursuing sustainable solutions.