Tilapia farming has seen significant growth worldwide, becoming the second most farmed fish. It contributes to food security, especially in developing countries, providing cheap animal protein. Tilapia is easy to grow, environmentally friendly, and adaptable to various conditions. Different farming techniques are used, with efforts to control reproduction for better growth. Genetic improvements and shifting farming procedures enhance its production. Choosing the right method remains a challenge but can be overcome with proper planning and support. Tilapia is an important fish species for aquaculture in many countries due to its minimal requirements and flexible behavior. It can be easily cultured in diverse aquaculture systems and has been cultivated since ancient times. Tilapia's adaptability to various environments, including flooded regions, cages, and ponds, makes it a popular choice for large-scale production. The book provides valuable insights into tilapia farming techniques, biology, and advances in the field, making it a useful guide for students and researchers interested in aquaculture and tilapia production.