Earth science is a multifaceted discipline that delves into the comprehensive study of our planet, encompassing its geological structure, physical properties, natural cycles, and the extensive history of life development over 4.5 billion years. This knowledge is essential for comprehending Earth's complex systems and managing its resources, critical for sustaining life. The field of Earth science investigates the Earth's crust, examining its composition, stratigraphy, and chemical makeup, enabling the discovery of valuable resources that support and nurture life. It also extends its scrutiny to terrestrial surfaces, studying key resources such as water, metals, soil, and minerals, which play pivotal roles in agriculture and human civilization. Additionally, Earth science addresses broader aspects of our planet's structure, natural processes, and planetary characteristics, providing insights into nearly 5 billion years of biological evolution. Understanding Earth's systems enables individuals to make informed choices about resource utilization, urban planning, public safety, and environmental stewardship. As Earth's processes directly impact societies and nations, Earth science education is vital at all levels to create an informed and responsible global citizenry. Recognizing the interconnectedness of humanity and the planet, this book underscores the significance of Earth science education for the benefit of present and future generations.